An estimated 700 000 children under the age of 15 were infected with HIV in 2003 and an estimated 500 000 children died from AIDS in the same year (UNAIDS/WHO 2003).More than 90% of them were infants born to HIV-positive mothers who acquired the virus before or during birth or through breastfeeding.In the late 1980s, international development agencies regarded AIDS control as a technical medical problem rather than one involving all areas of economic and social life.Tags: Law Research PaperDissertation Cover PageVision Business PlanOvercome Online Addiction EssayWorld In 20 Years EssayWrite An Opinion EssayResearch Paper On Employee Satisfaction
Because HIV infection often progresses quickly to AIDS in children, most of the children under 15 who have been infected have developed AIDS, and most of these children have died.
Another 13 million children have lost their mother or both parents to the disease ( See CAH website).
Countries in North Africa and the Horn of Africa have significantly lower prevalence rates, as their populations typically engage in fewer high-risk cultural patterns that have been implicated in the virus' spread in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Southern Africa is the worst affected region on the continent.
The hunters then became infected with HIV and passed on the disease to other humans through bodily fluid contamination. HIV made the leap from rural isolation to rapid urban transmission as a result of urbanization that occurred during the 20th century.
There are many reasons for which there is such prevalence of AIDS in Africa.
One of the most formative explanations is the poverty that dramatically impacts the daily lives of Africans.
The book, Ethics and AIDS in Africa: A Challenge to Our Thinking, describes how "Poverty has accompanying side-effects, such as prostitution (i.e.
Some areas of the world were already significantly impacted by AIDS, while in others the epidemic was just beginning.
The virus is transmitted by bodily fluid contact including the exchange of sexual fluids, by blood, from mother to child in the womb, and during delivery or breastfeeding.