Well, an argument is a set[br]of statements that together comprise a reason for a further statement.So, for example, we can consider one of your friend's responses[br]before as an argument.And when you notice things like that, when you distinguish between good and bad reasons for believing something, you're exercising your[br]critical thinking skills.Tags: How To Write A Business Plan SummaryPrivacy On Internet EssayDissertation ReferencingAn Analytical EssayThe Logic Of Images Essays And ConversationsEndorphins Research PaperBiology A2 Aqa Coursework
In this lesson, we're gonna[br]talk about three things. And she says to you, quite confidently, "Monty won't be at the party." You're not sure whether[br]or not to believe her, so it would be natural[br]for you to follow up by asking, "Why do you think so?
" And there are a lot of different things that she might say in response.
Similarly, the third reason[br]also gives you a good reason to believe that[br]Monty won't be at the party.
If he's in Beijing, and[br]it's impossible to get here from Beijing in an afternoon,[br]then it's guaranteed that he won't be at the party.
Now, it's worth saying something about how I'm using the term "good" here.
I'm not using it to indicate anything having to do with morality or ethics.And here I can explain a[br]little bit more about why.If you consider what the[br]red argument's premises say, that your friend can't stand Monty, and she wants to have a good time, and think about their relationship to the conclusion of the argument, you'll see that those[br]statements don't make that conclusion any[br]more likely to be true.The second reason,[br]though, is a good reason to believe that Monty[br]won't be at the party.If he's really shy and[br]rarely goes to parties, then it's probable that he[br]won't be at tonight's party.She's given you two statements, "Monty's really shy" and[br]"Monty rarely goes to parties," which together comprise[br]a reason for believing that Monty won't be at the party.The statements that are the reason, we call the argument's premises.So it's not morally right or morally good to believe something on[br]the basis of good reasons.Similarly, it's not morally[br]wrong, or evil, or wicked to believe something on[br]the basis of a bad reason.The very best reasons for a belief make it certain, they guarantee it. Well, the reason that critical thinking is important is because,[br]since we're rational, we want our beliefs to be true.Rational people want to have true beliefs, and they want not to have false beliefs.