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(the doer of the action) as the Subject of the Key Verb (the main action in the sentence).Also aim to use Action Verbs and avoid overusing forms of to be (is, are, was, were, …).
How can one decide if a verb is like RECOGNISE or ARGUE?
A possible clue might be the fact that RECOGNISE is a thought verb, ARGUE a speech one.
Passive voice creates sentences in which the subject noun receives rather than does the action and the doer of the action often is not stated.
Use the active voice when it is important to know who or what performs the action. (Examples: this shows that, this serves as a way to, this is an example of, the reason why is, because of the fact, due to the fact, in the event of, by means of, …) : It is Ryan’s combination of limited evidence and excessive sarcasm that seriously weakens the argument.
When you write, you will naturally need to use both linking and action verbs; both verb types play a critical role in the English language.
However, the overuse of linking verbs can sometimes leave a piece of writing flat.Yet in surprisingly many cases this strategy is not possible. For example, in (d) above the complement a group member matches I – they are the same person.The following sentences (except the first) illustrate a range of situations that rule it out. A complement is a noun, pronoun or adjective that is matched by a verb to an earlier noun or pronoun (see 8. Complements can often be recognised from the verbs they follow: BECOME, BE and a few others.Version 2 Three factors influenced my decision to end partnership discussions with you. Second, you often take several days to return my phone calls.Third — and most important — you have refused to sign an agreement limiting my liability in case the business fails.) are frequently said to be unsuitable in formal writing.Indeed, the absence of these words, along with various others, is often part of the very definition of this sort of writing (see 166. Academic and professional writers do not try to use impressive wording for its own sake; they only resort to it in order to avoid an undesirable alternative.Finding a related noun (or a synonym of one) is not so difficult (see 14. For further examples of this way to avoid informal pronouns, see 39. In addition to (d) above, the following all contain a complement: of the new sentence, rather as we do with objects.Action Outcomes); a greater challenge is often finding the verb to go with it, especially since some appropriate verbs are quite idiomatic partners of the chosen noun (see 173. Adjective complements (uncomfortable, proud) become related nouns (discomfort, pride), whereas noun complements (a group member, a supervisor) often need to be slightly changed (in these examples the meaning of “status” or “position” or “role” needs to be added).Note that addressing one source of wordiness often results in addressing several.Revising the sentence “Lydia’s accusation of Elizabeth was unfair” to “Lydia unfairly accused Elizabeth” accomplishes the following: It places the doer of the action, “Lydia,” in the subject position It replaces the noun form, “accusation,” with the verb form, “accused” It replaces a form of the verb , “was,” with an active verb, “accused” Together, these changes create a stronger, more concise sentence.