After the Gorkha conquests, the Kathmandu valley or Nepal became the new center of politics.
As the entire conquered territory of the Gorkhas ultimately became Nepal, in the early decades of the 20th century, Gorkha language activists in India, especially Darjeeling and Varanasi, began petitioning Indian universities to adopt the name 'Nepali' for the language.
Also known by the endonym Khas kura In India, Nepali has official status in the state of Sikkim, and significant number of speakers in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Uttarakhand and West Bengal's Darjeeling district.
It is also spoken in Burma and by the Nepali diaspora worldwide.
One of the most notable military achievements of Prithvi Narayan Shah was the conquest of Kathmandu Valley. After the overthrowing of the Malla rulers, Kathmandu was established as Prithvi Narayan's new capital.
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The Khas people originally referred to their language as Khas kurā ("Khas speech"), which was also known as Parbatiya (or Parbattia or Paharia, meaning language of the hill country).
The exclusive use of Nepali in the court system and by the government of Nepal is being challenged.
Gaining recognition for other languages of Nepal was one of the goals of the decade large Maoist insurgency in Nepal. This number includes displaced Bhutanese refugees, with unofficial estimates of the ethnic Bhutanese refugee population as high as 30 to 40 percent, constituting a majority in the south (about 242,000 people).
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