In this stage prompt responses of the body, many of them mediated by the sympathetic nervous system, prepare us to cope with the stressor here and now.2.
Stage of resistance: If the stressor continues to be present, the stage of resistance begins, wherein the body resists the effects of the continuous stressor.
On the other hand, psychological responses such as anxiety, hopelessness, depression, irritability, and a general feeling of not being able to cope with the world, can result from the stress state. If the stressors are maintained, long-term behavioural, physiological, emotional and cognitive effects occur.
If these effects hinder adaptation to the environment or create discomfort and distress, they themselves become stressors and, tend to perpetuate a ‘cycle’ of distress.
Psychological effects: Anxiety, depression, hopelessness, helplessness, anger, nervousness, irritability, tension and boredom may be experienced.c.
Behavioural changes: Decreasing efficiency, making mistakes, inability to take decisions, under eating or overeating, sleeplessness, increased smoking, develop addiction to alcohol and drugs, forgetfulness, hypersensitivity or passiveness, accident proneness and interpersonal difficulties are seen.
It is often viewed as motivator, since in its absence the individual lacks the spirit necessary for peak performance.
Distress is the term used to indicate negative stress.
During this stage certain hormonal responses of the body are an important line of defence in resisting the effects of stressors (For example, release of ACTH).3.
Stage of exhaustion: In this stage, the body’s capacity to respond to both continuous and new stressors has been seriously compromised. Treatment for such diseases involves medical help for the physical problems and, at the same time, attention to the psychological factors producing the stress.