People lived peacefully together, there was acceptance for each other’s culture and tradition.For example, Ashoka followed religious tolerance and focussed mainly on Dhamma.
People lived peacefully together, there was acceptance for each other’s culture and tradition.
Because of Mughal rule and 1857 revolt, colonial government was suspicious towards Muslims and they patronised Hindus.
This resulted in resentment in Muslims in late 19 century and they then formed a pressure group under Sir Sayed Ahmed Kahn to bargain as a separate community.
But in the Indian sub-continent context, communalism has come to be associated with tensions and clashes between different religious communities in various regions.
Development of communalism as political philosophy, has roots in the ethnic and cultural diversity of Africa.
In Medieval period, we have examples such as- Akbar, who was epitome of secular practises and believed in propagating such values by abolishing Jajhiya tax and starting of Din-I- ilahi and Ibadat Khana.
Communalism Essay Admission Essay Writing
Same acceptance for different cultures and tradition was practised in several kingdoms throughout India, because of which there was peace and harmony, barring few sectarian rulers like Aurangzeb, who was least tolerant for other religious practises.But, it is significant socio-economic and political issue in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Nepal, etc.If we discuss about Indian society, we will find that, ancient India was united and no such communal feelings were there.So, these people started demanding communal representation and this way, social base for communalism widened.Middle class oscillated between anti-imperialism and communalism.Communalism, started rooting deeply, as it was an expression of aspiration and interest of middle class for less opportunity.Further, from very beginning upper caste Hindus dominated colonial services as they adapted early to colonial structure.In contrast Congress standpoint was always focused on ‘rights and freedom of individual’ not on a particular community In several part religious distinction coincided with social and class distinction, causing communal distortion.Communal outlook was given, not by participants but by the officials, politician and journalists.Communalism, is referred in the western world as a “theory or system of government in which virtually autonomous local communities are loosely in federation”.Communalism is a political philosophy, which proposes that market and money be abolished and that land and enterprises to be placed in the custody of community.