Critical Thinking Skills Nursing Process

Critical Thinking Skills Nursing Process-12
Critical thinking requires background knowledge and knowledge of key concepts as well as standards of good thinking.

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Critical thinking includes metacognition, the examination of one’s own reasoning or thought processes while thinking, to help strengthen and refine thinking skills.

Independent judgments and decisions evolve from a sound and the ability to synthesize information within the context in which it is presented.

Critical thinking is also reflective, involving metacognition, active evaluation, and refinement of the thinking process.

The critical thinker considers the possibility of personal bias when interpreting data and determining appropriate actions.

The critical thinker must be insightful and have a sense of fairness and integrity, the courage to question personal ethics, and the perseverance to strive continuously to minimize the effects of egocentricity, ethnocentricity, and other biases on the decision making process.

Certain cognitive or mental activities can be identified as key components of critical thinking.Nurses must use critical thinking skills in all practice settings—acute care, ambulatory care, extended care, and in the home and community.Regardless of the setting, each patient situation is viewed as unique and dynamic.Although the questions will vary according to the particular clinical situation, certain general inquiries can serve as a basis for reaching conclusions and determining a course of action.We use cookies to make interactions with our website easy and meaningful, to better understand the use of our services, and to tailor advertising.Decisions about what to do and how to do it are then developed into a plan of action.Fonteyn (1998) identified 12 predominant thinking strategies used by nurses, regardless of their area of clinical practice: Recognizing a pattern These thought processes are consistent with the characteristics of critical thinking and cognitive activities discussed earlier.The critical thinker is an inquisitive, fair-minded truth seeker with an open-mindedness to the alternative solutions that might surface. The skills involved in critical thinking are developed over time through effort, practice, and experience.Skills needed in critical thinking include interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation, and self-regulation.Nursing practice in today’s society mandates the use of high-level critical thinking skills within the nursing process.Critical thinking enhances clinical decision making, helping to identify patient needs and to determine the best nursing actions that will assist the patient in meeting those needs.

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