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Critical thinking requires background knowledge and knowledge of key concepts as well as standards of good thinking.
Critical thinking includes metacognition, the examination of one’s own reasoning or thought processes while thinking, to help strengthen and refine thinking skills.
Independent judgments and decisions evolve from a sound and the ability to synthesize information within the context in which it is presented.
Critical thinking is also reflective, involving metacognition, active evaluation, and refinement of the thinking process.
The critical thinker considers the possibility of personal bias when interpreting data and determining appropriate actions.
The critical thinker must be insightful and have a sense of fairness and integrity, the courage to question personal ethics, and the perseverance to strive continuously to minimize the effects of egocentricity, ethnocentricity, and other biases on the decision making process.