As the former UN secretary general stated, “We should all be clear that there is no trade-off between effective action against terrorism and the protection of human rights On the contrary, I believe that, in the long term, we shall find that human rights, along with democracy and social justice, are one of the best prophylactics against terrorism.” Thus, the responsibility of States’ to protect individuals and groups within their jurisdiction together with all other undertaken in combating terrorism must be in tune with their obligations as stipulated in the international law, notably international human rights law, humanitarian law and refugee law.In retrospect, in the same way terrorism negatively affects human rights, counter terrorism measures adopted by States too affect human rights.Acts of terrorism impinge democracy, human rights and the rule of law.
All these are linked to the effectual participation in serious crimes including assault, extortion, kidnapping, hostage taking and murder.
Moreover, terrorism perniciously impacts socio-economic development of states, kills friendly international relations among States, and negatively impacts the efforts of cooperation and peaceful co-existence among States, such as the cooperation for trade, growth and development.
Consequently, the respect for human rights and the rule of law has lacked its meaning in international fight against terrorism.
What this mean is that, there is an urgent need to create national or even international counter-terrorism strategies that are not only intended to detect and prevent terrorism, and/or bring those responsible for these gross acts to book but they should also foster and protect human rights and the basic rule of law.
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In particular, Member States have unambiguously agreed that terrorism: is a threat to the dignity and primary security of individuals and groups globally, puts the lives of innocent civilians in danger, creates a fearful environment, endangers fundamental freedoms, and violate human rights and the rule of law.
In addition, terrorism is strongly linked to organized crimes such as money laundering, drug and human trafficking as well as illegal proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical materials.
Introduction In as much as terrorism has a direct effect on human rights, recent years have witnessed States taking a number of measures to counter terrorism and some of these measures have posed severe threats to human rights and the rule of law.
For example some states have used measures such as torture and other gross acts in the name of countering terrorism, disregarding outcries from legal independent organisations that are responsible for detection and prevention of torture.