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For example, famous painters such as Masaccio continued painting religious themes, but elements of the paintings, like the clothing worn by the saints, were similar to common people’s clothing.
Early Renaissance art depicted human beings going on with their daily lives and engaging in activities such as dancing and eating, rather than participating in extraordinary things.
Medieval artists were never concerned about realism.
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Notably, humanism is one of the factors that made the most significant impact on the Renaissance art.
Humanism denotes the body of ethical perspectives and philosophies, which emphasize human beings’ value on the collective and individual level. The Renaissance movement began in the Late Middle Ages in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe.Its emergence is a result of the interaction of various factors, which tremendously influenced not only art, but also literature, philosophy, music and science (Klaus 41).Unlike medieval art which mainly focused on religious themes, Renaissance art showed more secularism and human-based themes, which focused on human welfare.Renaissance art showed more representations of people studying mathematics and philosophy, rather than worshiping, which was a common theme in medieval times.Renaissance art, painting, sculpture, architecture, music, and literature produced during the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries in Europe under the combined influences of an increased awareness of nature, a revival of classical learning, and a more individualistic view of man.Scholars no longer believe that the Renaissance marked an abrupt break with medieval values, as is suggested by the French word , literally “rebirth.” Rather, historical sources suggest that interest in nature, humanistic learning, and individualism were already present in the late medieval period and became dominant in 15th- and 16th-century Italy concurrently with social and economic changes such as the secularization of daily life, the rise of a rational money-credit economy, and greatly increased social mobility.In conclusion, the humanistic learning that characterized the Renaissance period in which humanism was born greatly influenced various aspects of art.The major changes in Renaissance art, which make it different from medieval art, include the introduction of realism and the change of themes.The intellectual and artistic climate of Florence during the 14th and 15th centuries is illustrated through its contrasts with the daily lives of contemporary Florentines.This 1971 video is a production of Encyclopædia Britannica Educational Corporation.