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Since many of the characteristics of Autism are shared with other disabilities, tests for those disabilities are performed, to rule out those possibilities.Children are also diagnosed by a group of doctors usually containing a neurologist, psychologist, speech therapist, developmental pediatrician, a learning consultant, and the use of parental input about the child's abilities and behaviors.Studies show that an average of 5 cases per 10, 000 individuals are diagnosed with autism (APA, 2000).
Autistic Disorder is much more prevalent in males than females, approximately four to five times prevalent.
On the other hand, the DSM-IV states that mental retardation is more common and severe in females. 1a) The Department for Education was formed on 12th May 2010 and is responsible for education and children’s services. Department for Education website (National Government). Unit 302 Task F Q3 Three other organisations that work with children and young ...
Statistics show that approximately 75 percent of those diagnosed with autism are also mentally retarded. Frequently Asked Questions About MMR Vaccine & Autism. Retrieved April 22, 2003, from: web National Research Council.
Some researchers believe that this statistic may be inaccurate, because of the lack of more appropriate testing (Burack, 2001).
About one in every five hundred children will be diagnosed with Autism.
This paper will discuss the diagnosis and treatment of Autism, some major characteristics of children with Autism, and why this topic interests me.Theories of the cause of autism have been varied to include theories about genetics, vaccines, neurological abnormalities, environment, and many more. Treatment for this theory was the removal of the child from the home. Around the time Kenner more clearly identified autism, it was believed that environment was the cause of the disorder observing a cold demeanor in at least one parent (Burkhardt, 2001). One recently popular theory has been looking into childhood vaccines, especially vaccinations for measles (MMR), but with further research no relationship has been concluded (National Immunization Program, 2003). Diagnosis According to the Diagnosis and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders an individual must exhibit at least six characteristics of Autistic Disorder to be diagnosed. These characteristics include two impairments in social interaction, impairment in communication, repetitive behaviors, signs of the condition must be seen before the age of three, and the disorder cannot be better explained by the criteria for Rett’s disorder or Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. Impairments in social interaction can be described as the lack of attention one gives to his / her peers, lack of eye contact, or the child being unattached or indifferent to his / her parents. Other characteristics of Autistic Disorder, though not recognized by the DSM-IV-TR criteria, include giftedness (musical talent, abilities in mathematics, or an outstanding memory), self-injury (more prominently seen in those who are nonverbal), and irregular sensory sensitivity (Burack, 2001). Tests that have been used to help determine if a person has Autistic Disorder include the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS: 15 item test that has been said to wrongly classify children), the Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC: test mainly used by teachers), and the Gilliam Autism Rating Scale (GARS: to be used on those age 3-22, items on this test are in correlation to the criteria set by the DSM-IV) (Burkhardt, 2001). Autism is a developmental disability that appears in children during their first three years of life.Autism affects the development of social and communication skills.Many of the conventional tests used to assess mental abilities focus on language skills, but this is in many ways the root of the Autistic Disorder. So an individual may develop an increase in understanding through the years, yet not be able to express himself / herself through language; thus still being diagnosed as mentally retarded.