The remains left behind from these civilizations have provided great insight into their culture, philosophy, and religion.
For these and most ancient cultures, the temple was the center of the city, often playing many roles - religious, social economic, etc.
Central to their religion were the concepts of divine kingship and consubstantiality.
Mesopotamian religion tended to center around lament as well as the division between the earthly and the cosmos.
These religious beliefs and practices form a single stream of tradition.
As the only available intellectual framework that could provide a comprehensive understanding of the forces governing existence and also guidance for right conduct in life, religion ineluctably conditioned all aspects of ancient Mesopotamian civilization.This exhibit is one of 12 on loan from the Berlin State Museums for the Louvre exhibition First agriculture: in Mesopotamia, hunters and gatherers became farmers and cattle breeders.For the first time in history, people no longer depended on berries and wild game for sustenance; instead, they planted fields and cared for livestock.People believe in what they need to believe in order to survive.The Egyptians had two types of temples - cultic and funerary.First wheel: this crucial invention was also developed in Mesopotamia.In this relief sculpture, a carpenter is seen chiselling an axle.The Mesopotamians also developed other innovative crafts, such as braiding and textiles. The world of humans was seen as a reproduction of the divine world.They also experimented with fire, creating ceramics, metals and even glass Divine hierarchies: with eyes made of lapis lazuli, this masterpiece in the Louvre-Lens exhibition portrays a praying Ebih-Il, a Syrian official from the 25th century B. High-ranking gods were served by lesser gods – humans were at the end of line and had to be obedient and hard-working The end: in the year 331 B.By Lea Albrecht First cities: humanity′s first cities were founded on the banks of Euphrates and Tigris Rivers around 6,000 years ago.Over three millennia, the Mesopotamian civilisation developed into a dense network of cities, eventually giving rise to veritable urban centres like Babylon and Nineveh, the latter reconstructed here in an illustration First empire: the Mesopotamian civilisation once existed in the region currently occupied by Iraq and Syria, divided into Northern Assyria and Southern Babylonia.