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"Estimates range from a low of 2.1 million to a high of 18 million.By the 1800, the Native population of the present-day United States had declined to approximately 600,000, and only 250,000 Native Americans remained in the 1890s." (Deloria, 1984) Chicken pox and measles, endemic but rarely fatal among Europeans, often proved deadly to Native Americans.
(Brien, 1989) Clovis hunters left their stone points and butchered animal bones at kill sites scattered across much of North America.As many people know, the Native Americans have gone through so many terrible atrocities that caused their numbers to dwindle, however, the more important aspect is to focus on the Native Americans role in the American government since the beginning till now.The topic of Native Americans and their role in government and how government has effected them is one of great importance rich in history and gives people revelation on how the American Society really works and what their priorities are.With carbon dating, Clovis sites were shown to range in age from about 11,000 to 11,400 years old several thousands of years older than any other sites in the Americas.With their rapid spread over much of North America, the Clovis were titled the First Americans.The Archaic period is an outgrowth of the Paleo-Indian period and spans the time about 4,000 to 5,000 years ago.It was during this time that the Paleo-Indians spread out across the Americas, moving into every habitable portion of the continents, adjusting and adapting to regional extremes of temperature and climate, to the mountains and valleys, lush woodlands and dry deserts, verdant prairies and arid tundra, coastal marshlands and inland lakes.Introduction As the country of America keeps expanding and getting larger as well as more advanced, many people tend to forget where and how this nation was developed.The people of America trend to forget and not remember the history of the land as well as the indigenous people of this land.Over time, different Indian cultures evolved so that by the end of the Archaic, North America was a patchwork of differing cultures, languages, and societies. "As early as 4,000 to 5,000 years ago, societies in many places in North America began to do things differently: moving away from mainly egalitarian social systems to extremely complex, often highly stratified, soci-political systems; shifting from nomadic to sedentary settlement patterns and living in large, permanent villages and towns." (Bordewich, 1996) They experimented with a variety of North American plants, engaged in a wide range of environmental management practices, used fire; manufactured pottery; engaged in long distance trade.On the other hand, many archaic period societies maintained an archaic way of life until less than 100 years ago.