Literature Review On Juvenile Delinquency

Tags: Dissertation HypnosisHungarian Assignment ProblemProspectus Example For Research PaperProfessional And Personal Goals EssayAnalysis Of Characterization EssayThesis Sentence For Compare And Contrast EssaySamantha Bremner ThesisExamples Of Research Paper TopicsWorld War 2 HomeworkThe Lovesong Of J Alfred Prufrock Analysis Essay

Although the exact age of onset, peak, and age of desistance varies by offense, the general pattern has been remarkably consistent over time, in different countries, and for official and self-reported data.

For example, Farrington (1983, 1986a), in a longitudinal study of a sample of boys in London (the Cambridge Longitudinal Study), found an eightfold increase in the number of different boys convicted of delinquent behavior from age 10 to age 17, followed by a decrease to a quarter of the maximum level by age 24.

Furthermore, any individual factor contributes only a small part to the increase in risk.

It is, however, widely recognized that the more risk factors a child or adolescent experiences, the higher their risk for delinquent behavior.

A longitudinal study of a representative sample from high-risk neighborhoods in Denver also found a growth in the self-reported prevalence of serious violence from age 10 through late adolescence (Kelley et al., 1997).

Females in the Denver sample exhibited a peak in serious violence in midadolescence, but prevalence continued to increase through age 19 for the boys.To fully appreciate the development of these individual characteristics and their relations to delinquency, one needs to study the development of the individual in interaction with the environment.In order to simplify presentation of the research, however, this section deals only with individual factors.These individual factors include age, gender, complications during pregnancy and delivery, impulsivity, aggressiveness, and substance use.Some factors operate before birth (prenatal) or close to, during, and shortly after birth (perinatal); some can be identified in early childhood; and other factors may not be evident until late childhood or during adolescence.Clearly, genes affect biological development, but there is no biological development without environmental input.Thus, both biology and environment influence behavior.There have been suggestions that early-onset delinquents are more likely than later-onset delinquents to be more serious and persistent offenders (e.g., Moffitt, 1993).There is evidence, however, that predictors associated with onset do not predict persistence particularly well (Farrington and Hawkins, 1991).Research over the past few decades on normal child development and on development of delinquent behavior has shown that individual, social, and community conditions as well as their interactions influence behavior.There is general agreement that behavior, including antisocial and delinquent behavior, is the result of a complex interplay of individual biological and genetic factors and environmental factors, starting during fetal development and continuing throughout life (Bock and Goode, 1996).


Comments Literature Review On Juvenile Delinquency

  • Literature Review Poverty and Juvenile Delinquency Essay.

    This literature review aims to analyze juvenile delinquency through these variables from research done in three specific articles. It was found that some of these variables have a direct affect on the amount of juvenile delinquency while others need further research for a conclusive answer to be found.…

  • Juvenile Delinquency Treatment and Prevention A Literature.

    Juvenile Delinquency Treatment and Prevention A Literature Review. Programs such as the Perry School Project will be discussed to demonstrate that although somewhat expensive, these innovative programs nonetheless are quite cost-effective as the cost to society of adjudication, incarceration and victim damages are significantly greater.…

  • PDF Juvenile delinquency A literature review - ResearchGate

    The article presents a literature review on juvenile delinquency, aiming at discussing its concepts and etiology. It addresses both risk and protective factors which adolescent offenders are.…

  • Literature Review on Juvenile Delinquency - BrainMass

    Literature Review on Juvenile Delinquency. From the studies in human behavior perspective, it will be necessary to include information on a variety of influences that affect the Literature Review on the topic about the coalition's development and ability to generate results. For The Review Please include each topic separately…

  • Causes of Juvenile Delinquency. A Literature Review Publish.

    Causes of Juvenile Delinquency. A Literature Review - Louis Howell Jr - Research Paper postgraduate - Law - Criminal process, Criminology, Law Enforcement - Publish your bachelor's or master's thesis, dissertation, term paper or essay…

  • Christina Campbell Research Proposal and Lit Review

    This review of relevant literature looks specifically at the available research on juvenile detention centers in order to show the negative effects of taking a punitive approach in juvenile justice. It begins with an historical review in order to put the rise of detention centers in context.…

  • Autism in adult and juvenile delinquents a literature review.

    We carried out a systematic search of literature published between 19 and identified studies on the co-occurrence of autism and delinquency using standard search engines. The prevalence of delinquency in the ASD population varied from 5 to 26%, whilst ASD was found in 2–18% of the forensic populations studied.…

  • Theories of Juvenile Delinquency - UK Essays

    Literature review. Studies in the United States have further proved that delinquent individuals suffered more violent abuse than non-delinquent peers 68. One in ten of serious juvenile offenders have reported to have in one way or the other undergone victimization as compared to one in ten of non-delinquent friends.…

  • Juvenile delinquency treatment and prevention a literature.

    Juvenile delinquency treatment and prevention a literature review. When there is recidivism, it is less severe than in released incarcerated juveniles. Multisystemic Therapy provides 24 h available parental guidance, family therapy, individual therapy, group therapy, educational support and quite importantly a change of peer group.…

  • A Review of Literature on Juvenile Delinquency Essay Example

    A Review of Literature on Juvenile Delinquency Essay. While there is a connection between physical abuse and later violent acts, the article by Yun, Ball, & Lim 2011, contends that sexual abuse and emotional neglect are more significant in predicting future violent and criminal behavior than physical abuse alone.…

The Latest from ©