Ocr Psychology Essays

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They did this by using a laboratory experiment and an independent measures design.

Results found that the phrasing of the question influenced the participant’s speed estimates.

This should increase reliability and validity as there will be more context towards their answers.

However, a weakness of my questionnaire is that the questions are quite broad in nature and may not gather enough specific information about the incident from the victim.

Teachers could punish bad behaviour in students to encourage them to behave better in the future by stating that they could not go and play outside if they had behaved badly. If it says discuss then include both sides of the strategy 2 or more evaluation points and all supported by evidence P: Strength/weakness E: Evidence of why From the cognitive area, Loftus and Palmer links to this source.

Also teachers could use social learning theory to encourage positive behaviours for example by rewarding good behaviour with a sweet to encourage others who have observed that behaviour to behave in the same way so that they can be rewarded (vicarious conditioning).” (PLUS, ONE MORE TECH) d) Evaluate the techniques you suggested in the question above [10]       Strengths and weaknesses of the strategies Can include issues and debates Would it be effective? Loftus and Palmer wanted to investigate how information provided to a witness after an event will influence their memory.Research has shown that viewers of Sesame Street were better prepared to learn to read and do arithmetic, and this readiness seemed to be a result of watching the show and not of other variables, such as how educated their parents were or how much they read to their children.The advantage held even through secondary school, with students who had watched the programme at age 5 gaining consistently higher grades in English, Mathematics and Science compared than those who had not watched the programme at a young age.Harsher verbs made participants think that they were going faster than those with softer verbs.This concludes that our memories are altered by leading questions/phrases, so our internal mental processes can be altered, which will change our behaviours and the way we remember an event.This should improve the validity of the data gathered from the victim.Another strength of my questionnaire is that it is useful as it covers all the information that the interviewer requires about the incident.For example, if students do really well in a test or answer questions correctly in class the teacher could give them a sweet or phone their parents and praise them that way.Therefore, every time a student does something good they could be rewarded for it and associate good behaviour with a reward.Justify your answer [3] Leading questions shouldn’t be asked because it reduces the validity of the weakness statements.For example, from Loftus and Palmer, the harsher the verb, the faster the predicted speed. Describe the accident in your own words Draw a diagram of the accident Describe how you felt after the accident Estimate the speed at which the other car was travelling Signature of consent By signing below, you are giving your consent into allowing us to use whatever data you produce in our experiment and that you consent in taking part.

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