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These organisms are capable of absorbing energy from sunlight and using it to produce sugar and other organic compounds such as lipids and proteins.The sugars are then used to provide energy for the organism.For a review of photosynthesis, take the Photosynthesis Quiz.
The chemical energy is stored in the form of glucose (sugar).
Carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight are used to produce glucose, oxygen, and water.
These stages are called the light reactions and the dark reactions.
The light reactions take place in the presence of light.
The dark reactions do not require direct light, however dark reactions in most plants occur during the day.
Light reactions occur mostly in the thylakoid stacks of the grana.
This process, called photosynthesis, is used by photosynthetic organisms including plants, algae, and cyanobacteria.
In photosynthesis, solar energy is converted to chemical energy.
Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate is used to make glucose and fructose.
These two molecules (glucose and fructose) combine to make sucrose or sugar.