Case studies can be used to establish where the problem originates by utilizing several research methods.
The methods chosen rely heavily on the amount of capital the organization is able to spend and the kind of data that is required by the group.
The subject is the "practical, historical unity" through which the theoretical focus of the study is being viewed.
The object is that theoretical focus – the analytical frame.
namely, that reality is something that is objective and can be discovered and understood by a scientific examination of empirical evidence.
But organizational behavior cannot always be easily reduced to simple tests that prove something to be true or false.In a case where the market of any organization is in jepoardy, the agency will seek answers and solutions.In order to fulfill this need, the organization must gather pertient information.A case may be chosen because of the inherent interest of the case or the circumstances surrounding it.Alternatively it may be chosen because of researchers' in-depth local knowledge; where researchers have this local knowledge they are in a position to "soak and poke" as Richard Fenno put it, Whatever the frame of reference for the choice of the subject of the case study (key, outlier, local knowledge), there is a distinction to be made between the subject and the object of the case study.These case studies are likely to appear in formal research venues, as journals and professional conferences, rather than popular works.The resulting body of 'case study research' has long had a prominent place in many disciplines and professions, ranging from psychology, anthropology, sociology, and political science to education, clinical science, social work, and administrative science.Using case studies in research differs from their use in teaching, where they are commonly called case methods and casebook methods.Teaching case studies have been a highly popular pedagogical format in many fields ranging from business education to science education.However, when "case" is used in an abstract sense, as in a claim, a proposition, or an argument, such a case can be the subject of many research methods, not just case study research.Another suggestion is that case study should be defined as a research strategy, an empirical inquiry that investigates a phenomenon within its real-life context.