By multiplying that amount by a factor of three, to include all other family expenses, and applying various weighted data, Orshansky established a detailed matrix of 124 poverty thresholds for families of different sizes and compositions.
(Today, there are 48 thresholds.) Poor families were those whose yearly income was below the threshold for their category.
The face of poverty for most Americans is pictures of families in rundown housing in large cities where the industry has moved away.
The true face of poverty, however, is found in rural areas of the South and Southwest regions of the U. where living conditions are even more run down and industry never really started up. That includes Mississippi (20.8% of population below the poverty line); Louisiana (20%), Kentucky (18.5%), West Virginia (17.9%), Arkansas (17.2%), Alabama (17.1%) and Georgia (16%) lead the way.
Legislation based on those findings has been introduced in Congress from time to time but has never been enacted.
The Census Bureau uses several alternative methods to calculate the poverty indices, including the American Community Survey (ACS), which details a substantial increase in the number of Americans in poverty – from 46.2 million in 2010 to 48.5 million in 2011.It does not measure hardship or material deprivation, but rather the disparities of wealth among income groups.For example, in the United States, a household that has a refrigerator, televisions, air conditioning can be considered impoverished if its income falls below a certain threshold. poverty was developed in the early 1960s by Mollie Orshansky, an economist and statistician at the Social Security Administration.Critics of the current method of calculating poverty thresholds point out that the CPS ASEC measures only monetary income (e.g., earnings, Social Security income, Adding these sources of income would change the poverty numbers considerably.They also contend that many families reported as living in poverty are not poor in the ordinary sense or as understood by most Americans.Poverty is a pervasive human condition of being unable to obtain or provide a standard level of food, water and/or shelter.It exists in every country in varying degrees, and it is unlikely to disappear anytime soon.For example, one absolute measurement is the percentage of a population that consumes enough food daily to sustain the human body.This standard – 2,000 – 2,500 calories per day – is applied worldwide and across all cultures.The United States is considered the richest country in the world, and yet millions of its residents live in poverty.Poverty is measured in two ways – absolute poverty and relative poverty.