Research Paper Parenthetical Citation

Research Paper Parenthetical Citation-59
Even brief exposure to accented speech can help listeners improve their comprehension, thereby improving the level of service to international patrons. Two authors: (Gass and Varonis 67) Works Cited entry: Gass, Susan, and Evangeline M. "The Effect of Familiarity on the Comprehensibility of Nonnative Speech." Language Learning, vol. (O' Malley 19) One author: (Field 399) Works Cited entry: Field, John.

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"Intelligibility and the Listener: The Role of Lexical Stress." TESOL Quarterly, vol.

If there is no author, use the first word or two of the web document title.

Note: For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, display quotations as an indented block of text (one inch from left margin) and omit quotation marks. "Salient Accents, Covert Attitudes: Consciousness-raising for Pre-service Second Language Teachers." Prospect, vol.

Place your parenthetical citation at the end of the block of text, after the final punctuation mark.

MLA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). Training Strategies for Improving Listeners' Comprehension of Foreign-accented Speech. Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author if known.

If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation: (Smith). If the author is not known, use the title as the in-text citation.

Author's name in parentheses: One study found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic (Gass and Varonis 163).

Group as author: (American Psychological Association 123) Multiple works: (separate each work with semi-colons) Research shows that listening to a particular accent improves comprehension of accented speech in general (Gass and Varonis 143; Thomas 24).

Example paragraph with in-text citation A few researchers in the linguistics field have developed training programs designed to improve native speakers' ability to understand accented speech (Derwing et al. Their training techniques are based on the research described above indicating that comprehension improves with exposure to non-native speech. Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list.

Derwing and others conducted their training with students preparing to be social workers, but note that other professionals who work with non-native speakers could benefit from a similar program (258). "Teaching Native Speakers to Listen to Foreign-accented Speech." Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, vol. Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages. Web page with no author: In-text citation The term Nittany Lion was coined by Penn State football player Joe Mason in 1904 ("All Things Nittany").

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