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In June 1916 Sharif Hussain revolted against the sultan and seized power in Hejaz.
That deeply grieved the Indian Muslims were highly appreciated because they blamed all those sufferings upon the British, who they thought were out to destroy the last bastion of Muslims supremacy.
Among those Muslim Leaders who warned the British government against the consequences of its interferences with the future of the Khilafat which was led by Muhammad Ali Johar.
Those campaigns of the Khilafat Movement at least succeed to collect huge funds for the support of Turks (Ali, 2001).
The plight of the Turks distressed the Indian Muslims deeply.
The institutions of Khilafat have occupied a very important place in the history of Islamic peoples.
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After the sack of Baghdad in 1258 AD the Khilafat passed into the hands of Fatimid rulers of Egypt and finally into those of the Ottoman Sultans in the first half of the sixteen century.
Nothing less than forty thousand Muslims were sent to jail, several lawyers boycotted the law courts, hundreds of students gave up their studies, hundreds resigned from the government services and over a thousand people were killed in Malabar (Ahmad, 2005). At that time the Muslims leaders were once again met at Delhi (India) and decided to send a telegram for Sultan of Turkey not to join the war.
However, on 4 November 1914, Turkey joined Germany in the war against the Allies.
(Ahmad, 2005) During the Russo-Turkish war of 1877 Muslims showed a good gesture; during the observation of the prayers in the mosques of Calcutta funds were accumulated for the injured soldiers of Turkish troops. One school of thought held that the Muslims owed their allegiance and loyalty to the Sultan of Turkey, because he was the caliph of Islam, while the other group instead that Muslims should not annoy and alienate the British by supporting their adversary.
All succeeding events and movements in Turkey got the same positive response in India. Besides they thought that the Muslims, like all other Indians, owed their allegiance to the British Rulers.