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This section contains resources on in-text citation and the Works Cited page, as well as MLA sample papers, slide presentations, and the MLA classroom poster This section contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation.
These resources follow the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in 2017.
Three to five authors: Include all authors' last names the first time the citation is used.
If you use the same citation again within the same paragraph, use only the first last name followed by 'et al'. Six or more authors: Include only the last name of the first author followed by "et al." (Wasserstein et al., 2010) Groups Spell out the name in full the first time and abbreviate subsequent times only if abbreviation is well known.
When a volume as a whole is referred to, without a page number, in the Fischer and Siple example below indicates "note" (see 14.164).
The last example shows how one might cite a section of a work that contains no page or section numbers or other numerical signposts—the case for some electronic documents (see 15.8).
These resources describe how to structure papers, cite sources, format references, and handle the complexities of tables and figures according to the latest Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) guidelines.
The 8th edition of the MLA handbook highlights principles over prescriptive practices.
The information in the parenthetical references must match the corresponding information in the list of works cited.
The purpose of parenthetical references is to indicate to readers not only what works you used, but what you used from each source and where in the source you found the material.