It contains no thesis, but it does have a purpose: to present the information that is out there in a helpful and logical way.
In the process of writing his or her background synthesis, the student explored the sources in a new way and become an expert on the topic.
This gives your synthesis a purpose, and even a thesis of sorts.
Because each discipline has specific rules and expectations, you should consult your professor or a guide book for that specific discipline if you are asked to write a review of the literature and aren't sure how to do it. It may involve analysis, as well, along with classification, and division as you work on your organization.
Whether you want to present information on child rearing to a new mother, or details about your town to a new resident, you'll find yourself synthesizing too.
And just as in college, the quality and usefulness of your synthesis will depend on your accuracy and organization.Your primary purpose is to show readers that you are familiar with the field and are thus qualified to offer your own opinions.But your larger purpose is to show that in spite of all this wonderful research, no one has addressed the problem in the way that you intend to in your paper.Sometimes the wording of your assignment will direct you to what sorts of themes or traits you should look for in your synthesis.At other times, though, you may be assigned two or more sources and told to synthesize them.The background synthesis requires that you bring together background information on a topic and organize it by topic rather than by source.Instructors often assign background syntheses at the early stages of the research process, before students have developed a thesis--and they can be helpful to students conducting large research projects even if they are not assigned.In the previous example, the student might notice that no two colleges seem to agree on what constitutes "co-curricular," and decide to research this question in more depth, perhaps examining trends in higher education and offering an argument about what this newest trend seems to reveal.Sometimes there is very little obvious difference between a background synthesis and a thesis-driven synthesis, especially if the paper answers the question "what information must we know in order to understand this topic, and why?Only when one has reached this degree of expertise is one ready to formulate a thesis.Frequently writers of background synthesis papers develop a thesis before they have finished.