The architectural technology of Mesopotamia is most often illustrated by the massive mud-brick ziggurat.Tags: Bipolar 2 Case StudiesEsl Writing Essay IntroductionOrganic Farming Business Plan500 Word Essay Ham ProgramGuide To Writing An Anthropology Research PaperResearch Essay Topics For CollegePhotography Institute Assignment 1Ethical Values EssayTeachers Should Get Paid More Essays
This vertical orientation of the courses, in addition to the tip or pitch, distinguishes the pitched vault from radial construction where the vault merges into the wall surface.
A pitched vault is always identifiable by a change in the orientation of the brick courses in the interior of the vault Unless obscured by the plaster, the springing point of the vault is marked by the juncture of the horizontal wall courses and the vertical vault rings.
The Ġgantija temples are older than the pyramids of Egypt.
Their makers erected the two Ġgantija temples during the Neolithic Age (3600-2500 BC), which makes these temples more than 5500 years old and the world's second oldest manmade religious structures, after Göbekli Tepe.
The courses of the vault are then laid at right angles to the courses of the wall.
Each vault course is tipped somewhat off the vertical so that the initial courses lean against the back wall, and subsequent courses rest against the first.
If you have a lot of large flat stones and you are building rather low buildings, you don't need to make an arch, you can just put a flat stone on top of stone pillars and you have an opening.
The problem with stone pillars topped with a flat lintel is that it cannot bear much weight.
One of the things our early ancestors wanted to do was to build structures for housing, walls for protection and special buildings for religion.
Building a wall from rough stone is time consuming but possible as we have seen in the last post.