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If the insight is not rapid, may be heading for a mistake.Psychologists Robert Sternberg and Janet Davidson (1982) have studied people as they solve problems that require insight or "leaps of logic." According to them, insight involves three abilities.
We know rules are in there somewhere, and we wanted to get a glimpse of how they might be established and stored in the neural wiring." Wilbrecht and study lead author, Carolyn Johnson, a postdoctoral researcher at Harvard University, investigated how rules—defined as "learned relationships between cues, actions and outcomes"—are encoded in the brain through trial and error.
For this study, the researchers focused on the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) partially because the brain region has long been associated with adhering to rules that are learned and reinforced through trial and error.
[From Coon, Introduction to Psychology, Exploration and Application.] - Problem Solving may be the result of thinking that is mechanical, insightful, or based on understanding.
We begin with an awareness that an answer probably exists and that by proper thinking, a solution can be found. They may be achieved by trial and error or by rote.
A number of different approaches to problem solving can be identified. Trial and error: If I forget the combination to my bike lock, I may be able to discover it by trial and error.
Trial And Error Problem Solving Essays Descartes Meditations
In an era of high-speed computers, many trial-and-error solutions are best left to machines. Many problems cannot be solved mechanically or by habitual modes of thought.
One of the most famous historic cases in neuroscience involves Phineas Gage and his OFC.
Gage was an American railroad construction foreman who lived through an accident in which an iron rod pierced directly through his frontal lobes.
In a groundbreaking discovery, neurocientists at the University of California, Berkeley, have captured brain images of active learning in real-time by photographing the brains of mice as they learn how-to problem solve through trial and error.
Using advanced microscopy techniques, the researchers made time-lapse movies that illustrate how a mouse actively learns a new strategy for finding hidden treats during a foraging task.