Like the ancient republic of Rome, they had collapsed and reverted to some form of tyranny, usually by a military dictator.Any one of those three gambles was an enormous risk.Although endowed with an immense potential, the United States was then a new and weak country in a world of more powerful empires deeply suspicious of republican government.
The first constitution of the United States was the Articles of Confederation, adopted in 1781.
It proved too weak to control the powerful state governments.
The contest, which ran from February 2, 2018, to April 15, 2018, was open to current 9th through 12th graders in Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina.
The court received excellent essays by students from all five states. The court extends its appreciation to its panel of judges for their work in reviewing the essays and selecting the top three submissions: Henry L. Owen Research Scholar and Professor of Law, University of Richmond School of Law; Hannah Rogers Metcalfe, Partner, Metcalfe & Atkinson, LLC, and President Elect of the Federal Bar Association; Robert H.
Unable directly to tax people, the confederation lacked its own revenue and could not afford an army or a navy, or even to pay the interest on its massive war debt.
American Indians defied the confederation, and the Europeans insisted that no republic could endure on such a big geographic scale.
The miracle was that the revolutionaries pulled off all three of them, winning their war against the British, and securing a generous boundary in the peace treaty of 1783: west to the Mississippi, south to Florida, and north to the Great Lakes, with the Atlantic Ocean as the eastern boundary.
During the mid-1780s, however, the new nation seemed about to collapse as quickly as it had been created.
His vice president, John Adams, had a genius for political theory.
The new Cabinet included Alexander Hamilton, high-strung but the leading financial genius in the nation, as well as the mercurial Thomas Jefferson, who served as the secretary of state.