World War 2 The Road To War Essay

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Chamberlain’s flight to Berchtesgaden was followed by another to Godesberg a week later and then another to Munich on 29 September.

At Munich, Chamberlain got an international agreement that Hitler should have the Sudetenland in exchange for Germany making no further demands for land in Europe. Hitler said he had ‘No more territorial demands to make in Europe.’ On 1 October German troops occupied the Sudetenland: Hitler had got what he wanted without firing a shot.

After the First World War, the map of Europe was re-drawn and several new countries were formed.

As a result of this, three million Germans found themselves now living in part of Czechoslovakia.

Is it unfair of us to criticise him for mis-judging Hitler?

Students could try to construct the case for Chamberlain. Image : CN 11/6 – Neville Chamberlain in France Source 1 : FO 371/21737 – Letter from Nevile Henderson, the German Ambassador Source 2a, b & c : FO 371/21738 – Chamberlain’s notes from his meeting with Hitler.Three of the documents here are extracts from Chamberlain’s own record of the meeting.The other two documents are useful evidence of the kind of advice Chamberlain was getting at home in Britain.Six months later, in March 1939, German troops took over the rest of Czechoslovakia.Poland seemed to be the next most likely victim of Nazi aggression and Chamberlain made an agreement with the Poles to defend them in Germany invaded.This was not actually the case, but Hitler used it as an excuse to place German troops along the Czech border.During this situation, the British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, flew to meet Hitler at his private mountain retreat in Berchtesgaden in an attempt to resolve the crisis.‘Chamberlain’s appeasement policy made war more likely because Hitler thought he could get away with anything.’ ‘Chamberlain’s appeasement policy bought a valuable year for Britain to get ready for the war which was bound to come.’ ‘Chamberlain believed that Hitler was a man of his word.’ ‘The decision to give the Sudetenland to Germany let down the Czech people.’ The Treaty of Versailles, made in 1919 at the end of the First World War, was intended to make a lasting peace.Many people felt that the Treaty had caused terrible resentment in Germany on which Hitler had been able to play in order to achieve power.Although people in Britain were relieved that war had been averted, many now wondered if appeasement was the best decision.They did not think it would stop Hitler, and simply delayed the war, rather than prevented it.


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